If you and your doctor are considering a bone marrow transplant (BMT) as a treatment option, your doctor will first determine what type of bone marrow transplant is best for your specific case. If you need an autologous transplant, your transplant will be done with your own cells. If you need an allogeneic transplant, donated cells will come from an adult donor or umbilical cord blood unit. Remember, you are not responsible for finding your own donor.
For patients who need an allogeneic transplant, your doctor will look for a matching donor in your family. Each brother and sister who has the same parents as you has a 25% (1 in 4) chance of matching you.
However, 70% of patients (7 of 10) do not have a match in their family. For these patients, doctors work together with Be The Match® to search the Be The Match Registry® and other registries around the world to find a matching unrelated donor or cord blood unit.
Learn more about finding a donor:
Learn about the steps involved in finding a matching bone marrow donor.
Human leukocyte antigen (HLA) typing is used to match you with a donor for your bone marrow or cord blood transplant. Learn more about how matches are made.
If you need an allogeneic transplant, you and your doctor can use MatchView® to see how many potential donors and cord blood units you may have on Be The Match Registry.
At Be The Match, safety is a top priority. Learn about the safeguards in place for both patients and donors.
If you receive a transplant from an unrelated donor, you will not know who your donor is at the time of your transplant. Learn about guidelines for contacting your donor after your transplant.